Citing Archival Materials

When using materials in an archive, you must cite the archive information as well, whether in footnotes or bibliographies. (Check formats in Lipson, Cite Right.)

Stand-alone items. For single items not part of any named collection, simply cite the item as you would normally (see Lipson, Cite Right), and then cite the archive. E.g.,:

American Anti-Slavery Society, A Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Society: Adopted at the Formation of said Society in Philadelphia on the 4th day of December, 1833. New York: William S. Dorr, 1833. Special Collections Research Center, The Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Banneker, Benjamin. Bannaker’s Almanack, and Ephemeris for the Year of our Lord 1793. Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Joseph Crukshank, [1792]. Special Collections Research Center, The Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Items in collections.  When using a collection, first cite all relevant information for the specific item, then the information for the collection. E.g.,:

Douglass, Frederick. Letter to B. F. Underwood, 9 May 1884. W. Lloyd Wright Papers, Special Collections Research Center, The Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Legends Featuring Lil Benny, performance at Legend Nite Club, Washington, DC, 23 April 1999, audiocassette recording. Kip Lornell and Charles Stephenson Washington Go-Go Collection, Special Collections Research Center, The Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University, Washington, DC.

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