Article List

Choose one of these articles for project 1, the abstract.

All these are full-text online via GW Library databases.  Find these using Articles Plus (the main search box on the Library homepage).  If you need help, ask a librarian. Always look for the PDF version, which will include page numbers and all the images.  (HTML versions often exclude page numbers and some of the images.)

Note: Some of these articles analyze images depicting graphic violence or explicit sexuality. The articles may include reproductions of those images.

16th-18th Centuries

Carson, Jenny, and Ann Shafer. “West, Copley, and the Camera Obscura.” American Art 22.2 (2008): 25-41.

Offen, Karl H. “Creating Mosquitia: Mapping Amerindian Spatial Practices in Eastern Central America, 1629–1779,” Journal of Historical Geography 33.2 (April 2007): 254-282.

Zogry, Michael J. “Lost in Conflation: Visual Culture and Constructions of the Category of Religion.” American Indian Quarterly 35.1 (Winter 2011): 1-55.  [Note: this article analyzes both 16th-17th century images and 20th century live drama based on those images.]

Early 19th Century (through the Civil War)

Arnold, Brie Swenson. “‘To Inflame the Mind of the North’: Slavery Politics and the Sexualized Violence of Bleeding Kansas.” Kansas History: A Journal of the Central Plains 38 (2015): 22-39.

Blum, Edward J. “‘The First Secessionist Was Satan’: Secession and the Religious Politics of Evil in Civil War America.” Civil War History 60.3 (2014): 234-269.

Casmier-Paz, Lynn A. “Slave Narratives and the Rhetoric of Author Portraiture.” New Literary History 34.1 (2003): 91-116.

Chaney, Michael A. “Heartfelt Thanks to Punch for the Picture: Frederick Douglass and the Transnational Jokework of Slave Caricature.” American Literature 82.1 (2010): 57-90.

Clavin, Matthew. “A Second Haitian Revolution: John Brown, Toussaint Louverture, and the Making of the American Civil War.” Civil War History  54.2 (2008): 117-

Davis, John. “Eastman Johnson’s Negro Life at the South and Urban Slavery in Washington, D.C.,” Art Bulletin 80.1 (March 1998): 67-92.

Grigsby, Darcy Grimaldo. “Negative-Positive Truths.” Representations 113.1 (Winter 2011): 16-38.

Haller, Beth; and Robin Larsen. “Persuading Sanity: Magic Lantern Images and the Nineteenth-Century Moral Treatment in America.” Journal of American Culture 28.3 (2005): 259-272.

Husch, Gail E. “‘Poor White Folks’ and ‘Western Squatters’: James Henry Beard’s Images of Emigration.” American Art 7.3 (Summer 1993): 14-39.

John, Gareth E. “Benevolent Imperialism: George Catlin and the Practice of Jeffersonian Geography,” Journal of Historical Geography 30 (2004): 597–617.

John, Gareth E. “Cultural Nationalism, Westward Expansion and the Production of Imperial Landscape: Georget Catlin’s Native American West.” Ecumene 8.2 (2001): 175-203.

Merrill, Lisa. “Exhibiting Race ‘Under the World’s Huge Glass Case’: William and Ellen Craft and William Wells Brown at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, London, 1851.” Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 33.2 (June 2012): 321-336.

Nelson, Charmaine. “Hiram Powers’s America: Shackles, Slaves, and the Racial Limits of Nineteenth-Century National Identity,” Canadian Review of American Studies l Revue canadienne d’etudes americaines 34.2 (2004): 167-183.

Yellin, Jean Fagan. “Caps and Chains: Hiram Powers’ Statue of ‘Liberty.’” American Quarterly 38.5 (Winter 1986): 798-826.

Late 19th Century (post-Civil War)

Connor, J. T. H., and Michael G. Rhode, “Shooting Soldiers: Civil War Medical Images, Memory, and Identity in America.” Invisible Culture: An Electronic Journal for Visual Culture 5 (2003). * ASK PROF. TROUTMAN FOR PDF COPY.  NO LONGER IN GW DATABASES.

Cooks, Bridget R. “Fixing race: Visual Representations of African Americans at the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893,” Patterns of Prejudice 41.5 (2007): 435-465.

Cooper, Tova. “The Scenes of Seeing: Frances Benjamin Johnston and Visualizations of the ‘Indian’ in Black, White, and Native Educational Contexts.” American Literature 83.3 (2011): 509-545.

Cronin, Mary M., and William E. Huntzicker. “Popular Chinese Images and ‘The Coming Man’ of 1870: Racial Representations of Chinese,” Journalism History 38:2 (Summer 2012): 86-99.

Furth, Leslie. “‘The Modern Medea’ and Race Matters: Thomas Satterwhite Noble’s ‘Margaret Garner,’” American Art 12.2 (Summer, 1998): 37-57.

Gercken, Becca. “Manifest Meanings: The Selling (Not Telling) of American Indian History and the Case of ‘The Black Horse Ledger,’” American Indian Quarterly 34.4 (Fall 2010): 521-539.

Greenhill, Jennifer A. “Winslow Homer and the Mechanics of Visual Deadpan.” Art History 32.2 (April 2009): 351-386.

Jarman, Baird. “The Graphic Art of Thomas Nast: Politics and Propriety in Postbellum Publishing.” American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography 20.2 (2010): 156-189.


Martin, Francis, Jr. “To Ignore Is To Deny: E. W. Kemble’s Racial Caricature as Popular Art.” Journal of Popular Culture 40.4 (2007): 655-682.

Morgan, Jo-Ann. “Picturing Uncle Tom with Little Eva—Reproduction as Legacy.” Journal of American Culture 27.1 (March 2004): 1-24.


Rees, Amanda. “Nineteenth-century Planned Industrial Communities and the Role of Aesthetics in Spatial Practices: the Visual Ideologies of Pullman and Port Sunlight.” Journal of Cultural Geography 29.2 (June 2012): 185-214.

Round, Phillip H. “Indigenous Illustration: Native American Artists and Nineteenth Century US Print Culture,” American Literary History 19.2 (2007): 267-289.

Early 20th Century (through WWII)

Amana, Harry. “The Art of Propaganda: Charles Alston’s World War II Editorial Cartoons for the Office of War Information and the Black Press.” American Journalism 21.2 (2004): 79-111.

Atkins-Sayre, Wendy. “Snapshots of the South: Eudora Welty’s Photography and Contested Images of Race.” Southern Communication Journal 77.2 (2012): 77-93.

Hendershot, Heather. “Secretary, Homemaker, and ‘White’ Woman: Industrial Censorship and Betty Boop’s Shifting Design.” Journal of Design History 8.2 (1995): 117-130.

Hirschbein, Laura Davidow. “The Flapper and the Fogy: Representations of Gender and Age in the 1920s.” Journal of Family History 26.1 (2001): 112-137.

Langa, Helen. “‘At Least Half the Pages will Consist of Pictures’: New Masses and Politicized Visual Art.” American Periodicals 21.1 (2011): 24-49.

Lumsden, Linda J. “Beauty and the Beasts: Significance of Press Coverage of the 1913 National Suffrage Parade.” Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 77.3 (2000): 593-611.

Nel, Philip. “Children’s Literature Goes to War: Dr. Seuss, P. D. Eastman, Munro Leaf, and the Private SNAFU Films (1943-46). ” Journal of Popular Culture 40.3 (2007): 468-487.

Raiford, Leigh. “Photography and the Practices of Critical Black Memory,” History and Theory 48 (December 2009): 112-129.

Stillwell, Devon. “Eugenics Visualized: The Exhibit of the Third International Congress of Eugenics, 1932,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 86.2 (Summer 2012): 206-236.

Veder, Robin. “Seeing Your Way to Health: The Visual Pedagogy of Bess Mensendieck’s Physical Culture System.” International Journal of the History of Sport 28.8-9 (May-June 2011): 1336-1352.

Vettel-Becker, Patricia. “Sacagawea and Son: The Visual Construction of America’s Maternal Feminine.” American Studies 50.1-2 (Spring-Summer 2009):  27-50.

Zogry, Michael J. “Lost in Conflation: Visual Culture and Constructions of the Category of Religion.” American Indian Quarterly 35.1 (Winter 2011): 1-55.  [Note: this article analyzes both 16th-17th century images and 20th century live drama based on those images.]

Late 20th Century

Arreola, Daniel D. “Mexican American Exterior Murals.” Geographical Review 74.4 (1984): 409-424.

Borer, Michael Ian; and Adam Murphree. “Framing Catholicism: Jack Chick’s Anti-Catholic Cartoons and the Flexible Boundaries of the Culture Wars.” Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation 18.1 (2008): 95-112.

Carlson, Matt. “The Reality of a Fake Image: News Norms, Photojournalistic Craft, and Brian Walski’s Fabricated Photograph.” Journalism Practice 3.2 (2009): 125-139.

Cowans, Jon. “On Condition of Contrition: French Reactions to American Films on the Vietnam War, 1978-1987.” European History Quarterly 42.4 (2012): 628-249.

Dunaway, Finis. “Gas Masks, Pogo, and the Ecological Indian: Earth Day and the Visual Politics of American Environmentalism,” American Quarterly 60.1 (March 2008): 67-98.

Gerl, Ellen J., and Craig L. Davis. “Selling Detroit on Women: Women’s Day and Auto Advertising, 1964-82.” Journalism History 38.4 (Winter 2013): 209-220.

Griffey, Erin, and Barry Reay. “Sexual Portraits: Edward Melcarth and Homoeroticism in Modern American Art.” History Workshop Journal 73.1 (Spring 2012): 66-94.

Gruner, Oliver. “Vietnam and Beyond: Rethinking Oliver Stone’s Platoon (1976-2006).” Rethinking History 16.3 (2012): 359-376.

Gundaker, Grey. “Tradition and Innovation in African-American Yards,” African Arts 26.2  (April 1993): 58-71, 94-96.

Hilbish, Melissa D.  “Advancing in Another Direction: The Comic Book and the Korean War.”  War, Literature, and the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities 11.1 (1999): 209-227.

Michelmore, Christina. “Old Pictures in New Frames: Images of Islam and Muslims in Post World War II American Political Cartoons.” Journal of American and Comparative Cultures [vol/iss/date]: 37-50.

Ontiveros, Randy. “No Golden Age: Television News and the Chicano Civil Rights Movement,” American Quarterly 62.4 (2010):  897-923.

Reichard, David A. “Animating Ephemera through Oral History: Interpreting Visual Traces of California Gay College Student Organizing from the 1970s.”  The Oral History Review 39.1 (2012): 37-60.

Ross, Marlon B. “An Anatomy of the Race Icon: Joe Louis as Fetish-Idol in Postmodern America.” South Atlantic Quarterly 109.2 (Spring 2010): 279-312.

Safran, Stephen P. “Movie Images of Disability and War: Framing History and Political Ideology.” Remedial and Special Education 22.4 (2001): 223-232.




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