11:30 class, part ONE

Good morning, all!  Okay, here’s how this works:

Use comments to post everything here.  Don’t start new posts.

Refresh frequently to see peer’s comments & mine.

I’ll post some comments along the way to redirect discussion.

FIRST, comment on this post (part one)

1. Start a new comment. Type in what you think is your research question, in one or two sentences, if you can.  Then paste in your two lists of key terms–subject terms & concept terms.  All in one comment.

2. Read all your peers’ comments.  As you do, gather up your favorite concept terms (paste them into a word doc). Have questions ready about what those mean.  You’ll use those in part 2:

THEN, at about 11:55, I’ll do a New Post called 11:30 Part Two.  For that one:
3. Start a new comment with your favorite concept key terms from peers.  Pose questions &/or explain why you like those as concept terms.
4. In that same comment, offer a specific distinction between subject vs. concept keywords.  How do you know when which is which?  Can some be either?  We’re working towards a definition.
5. I’ll post a comment with a final question at about 12:10 to finish up.  Look for that & repond to it w/ new commetns.

15 thoughts on “11:30 class, part ONE”

  1. Research Question: How did public opinion and people’s views of Abraham Lincoln change throughout the Civil War? Who favored him when? Did his death prematurely or wrongly affect public opinion?

    Subject Matter Terms
    Who, What, Where, When?

    • Images of Civil War from the battlefields and camps, including millions of portraits
    • How the photographers at the time took so many high-quality photographs while also following the soldiers→ as if they were the soldiers themselves
    • Photographic achievements of the Civil War far exceeded those of any other war in the nineteenth century
    • Edward Anthony, Mathew B. Brady, Philip Haas, George S. Cook became captivated with the daguerreotype (early photography) and blazed the trail (along with thousands of Americans, including several dozen African Americans and 250 women) for the development of photography
    • Brady’s photograph of Lincoln
    • Cook’s Photograph of Major Robert Anderson and his staff in For Sumter (featured on the cover of Harper’s Weekly) was a huge success in the North and the South
    • Militia units from New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and other states poured into Washington, and camps sprang up throughout the area ex. M. B. Brady’s “illustrations of Camp Life” series from 1861
    • Camp Scenes titled “Basking in the Sunshine” or “Taking it Easy”
    • Brady at Bull Run
    • George S Cook took the war’s first photograph of prisoners on October 11, 1861 at Castle Pinckney in Charleston Harbor

    Concept/Analytical Terms
    How is it being analyzed?

    • Why the war came to be photographed as extensively as it was, who took the photographs, how they did it, and what it meant
    • How the photographs of the war “tapped into one of the deepest wellsprings of human longing: the desire to chronicle the human experiences and the world around us”
    • Brady’s photograph of Lincoln made him president→ public influence, making him look less gangly and “ugly” and more elegant
    • “Nothing Brady could do would have made Lincoln acceptable in the South
    • The influence of the photographs was immense→ they spread to both North and South despite the growing tension between North and South
    • Photographs served as souvenirs for soldiers→ “For a freshly minted soldier in the field, there could exist no better souvenir of this grand adventure than a photographic portrait in uniform
    • The men in the camp scenes appear lighthearted and carefree, as if the war was a “lark”
    • Brady was in fact at Bull Run→ photographs bring truth to stories that could otherwise be fictional
    • Images underscore the fact that the Union captives of First Bull Run had perhaps the best accommodations of any prisoners of the Civil War
    • Study of Civil War photography still a developing field
    • Our understanding of the work of “America’s pioneer war photographers” is always being reevaluated→ their images create a whole new history for us
    • These photographs uncover things about the war that we otherwise wouldn’t have known

  2. How did the second wave of feminism affect pop culture? Did pop culture change at all, and if so did it change for the better?

    Subject matter:
    – womens’ movement
    – 1970’s
    – Mary Ellen Brown
    – Virginia Nightingale
    – Caren J. Deming
    – Dorothy Hobsen
    – Ien Ang
    – Lisa A. Lewis
    – Sally Stockbridge
    – Danae Clark
    – John Fiske
    – Beverly Poynton
    – John Hartley
    – Andrea L. Press
    – television
    – workplace
    – music videos
    – quiz shows
    – Australian Football
    – Soap Opera
    – Carnival
    – Gossip

    – culture theory
    – women as audiences
    – melodramatic identifications
    – consumer girl culture
    – rock videos
    – consumerism
    – patriarchy
    – resistance of pleasure
    – the male gaze
    – the, “problem of pleasure”
    – different contributors
    – shortened articles
    – excerpts from books
    – excerpts from studies

  3. I think that my research question will ask how the relationship of war photojournalism and coverage relates to manipulation of public opinion within the context of the Vietnam War and the war in Iraq.

    Subject Terms:
    Real-Time coverage
    Political sway
    Coverage Bias
    New Media
    “Operation Desert Muzzle”

    Concept Terms:
    New media involvement in recent wars
    How media affects public opinion
    Repercussions of media in war coverage
    Multiple perspectives on news coverage

  4. Research Question: How did the portrayal of Native Americans in Wild West shows permeate through mainstream society, and how have those opinions help or hinder their progress in the country? What did photographs of Native Americans taken during these shows reveal about these opinions, stereotypes, and biases?

    1.Subject matter terms: Native American depictions, Buffalo Bill Cody, Sioux ghost dance, material used, the iconic sign (sign possessing some properties of the object represented), time period, cultural context, political context, artist’s background, contrasts, year, place of creation, intended audience, title, caption, thickness of lines, colors, light and darkness, codes of transmission (construct the determining conditions for the perception of images—like the dots of a newspaper photo), the gaze of the subject, the subject’s stance, the subject’s clothing, dimensions of the photograph, viewpoints, clarity of the photo, perspective, camera position, subject’s posture, how lit the scene is, fabrics used, furniture present, frames and borders, rips and tears, spots or marks on the photo itself

    2.Concepts/ analytical terms: discriminate between hard and soft stuff, animate and inanimate stuff; analyzing the bluntness and sharpness of material productions, using language as a tool, codes of recognition (which list certain features of the object as the most meaningful for purposes of recollection or future communication), perceptive codes (study within the psychology of perception and establish conditions for effective perception), semiotics (study of signs), binding quality of photographs (what brings all the objects in a photograph to create a scene or a meaning), putting the scene in cultural, social and political contexts

  5. Shortened concept terms:
    -Extensive war photography
    -Wellsprings of human longing
    -Public influence
    -Influential photography across fighting sections of US
    -Soldier souvenirs
    -The truth of the Civil War
    -Reevaluation of Civil War photography
    -Truth through images

  6. My research proposal is “How was President James A. Garfield promoted to a civil religious demi-god after his death?”

    The book I found called “The Greek Body,” analyzes the way in which Classical Greeks utilised the body and details of human anatomy, as well as posture, to create works of art that represented a particular view of the world. For all the statues created after President Garfield’s death, posture, the sculpture itself, and the items within the sculptures is important to analyze.

    Subject Matter Terms:
    Who: Greek Gods, political figures, warriors, epic characters, kouros
    What: Statues, busts, friezes, vases, jars, casts, sculptures, armor, hydria
    Where: Greece, Middle East, Modern-day Italy
    When: Classical era
    Subject matter: Scenes of warfare, scenes from popular myths, representation of the lives of soldiers, protection after death, protection from death, apotheosis, deification, power, authority, legendary figures, the prevalence of war in art

    Concept Terms:
    Representation of femininity, representations of male strength, the perfect human body, Greek religious figures, importance of grandeur in Greek society, immortality (especially post-death)
    How? Using example of Greco-Roman works from statues to water-jugs to represent the respect and importance of the “perfect human body form” in the works. The authors compare Roman works to their older Greek counterparts and look deeply upon the details and historical context behind them. The way they use historical context is particularly interesting because that is lens that I will use in my research.

    These analyses will help me with the project because the Classical Greco-Roman art is the direct inspiration for neoclassicism era of the arts, which is simultaneous with the time in which President Garfield died. The pedestal, while not exactly neoclassical (Beaux-Arts, in fact), shows the grandeur that (neo)classical artists tried to capture. The analyses of posture, faces, and immortality is especially relevant and useful for the statues of Garfield and the creation of his demigod status.

  7. Research Question: How did Photographers affect and change newspaper reporting of crime in New York City in the 1930’s to the 1960’s?

    Subject terms:
    – New York
    – 20th century
    – Criminals
    – Crime wave
    – Gruesome death
    – Serial killer
    – Photojournalism
    – New York detectives
    – Image of still bodies on the floor
    – Bloodied bodies
    – Smiling murderers
    – Credibility
    Concept terms:
    – Civilian response
    – Newspaper photography
    – Photographer’s interpretation of image
    – Mental instability of suspects
    – Investigation techniques
    – Photos now show people how gruesome the murder is

  8. Possible research question: How do political cartoons from the US and USSR during the Cold War era compare and contrast with one another?

    Subject Matter:
    Works of the artists
    The Masses (1911-1917)–(magazine)
    The Liberator (1918-1924)–(magazine)
    The New Masses–(magazine)
    Artists: Art Young, Robert Minor, John Sloan, KR Chamberlain, Maurice Becker
    Socialist publications
    Pre- and Post-Russian Revolution

    Concept Analytical Terms:
    Artistic form
    Political theories and practices
    Success or failure
    Art as an instrument of political consciousness
    Use of artistic technique
    Why old Masses illustrations appear original and funny
    Mirrored/reflected movements
    Paralleled contemporary mood
    Rebellion occurred in anarchic (…) fashion

  9. How did visual representations toward Chinese immigrants reflect the social attitudes before and at the beginning of Exclusion Act? It really had a significant effects of racial discrimination and Exclusive Act in future decades?

    1. Subject Matter:
    Chinese immigrants
    The San Francisco Wasp
    Exclusion Acts
    ‘Model Minority’
    Gold Rush
    The Pacific Railroad
    Social Darwinist(s)
    Racial Representation(s)

    2. Concept List
    ‘The Coming Man’
    Mudslinger and defaming toward service served by Chinese
    Job opportunities
    Post-Gold Rush
    Exclusion Act
    Racial Stereotypes
    Exclusive exile
    Stereotype that the relationship between Chinese and opium
    The ‘Yellow Peril’

  10. Does wartime photography accurately represent the true nature/horror of war?

    Italy campaign of World War 2
    Battle of Gettysburg
    Don McCullin and Phillip Jones Griffith
    Robert Capa
    Iwo Jima flag raising
    Eddie Adams Saigon Execution
    Christmas Truce of 1914
    British military factory
    Mathew Brady Battle of Antietam
    Vietnam napalm

    Documentation vs propaganda
    Personal photographs and personal experience
    Iconic photos and true meaning of photographs
    Historical context
    Enviromental and personal details
    Killing in combat
    Scope of war effort
    Body language
    Public memory of war

  11. Possible research question: Does the progress of slavery depend on the standard set by popular opinion or by the continual education and upgrading of class of Blacks? Although lawfully slavery became extinct, does that mean we can get rid of its over arching effect after many years?
    1. Subject Matter:
    Jim Crow
    Separate but equal
    Fair wage

    2.Concept list:
    Owning property
    Are slaves a person?
    Economic dependance on slaves
    Free labor

  12. How has media portrayal of violence and death in war changed in the wake of the September 11th terrorist attacks in the United States? Has the country become more open to gruesome imagery or has the media used more censure?

    Subject Matter
    – broadcasting
    – photojournalism
    – emotional narrative
    – public reactions
    – fatalism
    – domestic public opinion
    – shock
    – accepted casualty levels
    – terrorism
    – legitimizing aggression
    – expressions of decency
    – media implication
    – restless media
    – governing conventions

    – Practices and Taboos
    – broadcasting rebuilding social meaning
    – thrilled enchantment with extinction
    – frame personal experience
    – News reflects cultural values
    – Acceptable carnage reflects political conventions
    – Loss felt nationally vs loss felt personally
    – Emotional neutrality of journalists
    – Feelings about wars happening far from home are different than feelings about local events
    – The most emotion comes from events that reflect the viewer’s life

  13. Research question: In what ways were slaves treated differently between the North and South during the Civil War? What forms of imagery were used to sway people for or against slavery?

    Subject terms:
    – Civil War
    – 1860’s
    – African-American soldiers
    – house slave
    – Abolitionists
    – American Anti-Slavery Society
    – Henry Clay
    – Dred Scott
    – Whig Party
    – Charles Sumner
    – John C. Calhoun

    Concept terms:
    – Comparing African-Americans in the North to those in the South
    – Political cartoons
    – Documentary photographs
    – Analyzing appearances in images
    – Using key people and places in images to add to understanding

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