10:00 Class!

Good morning, all!  Okay, here’s how this works.

Use COMMENTS to post everything here.  Don’t start new posts.

REFRESH frequently to see peer’s comments & mine.

I’ll post new instructions about every 10  minutes, so scroll for that.

If it gets too confusing, I will post a New Post with 10:00 Class, Part 2, etc., and you’ll start commenting there.

FIRST thing to do:

1. Start a new comment. Type in what you think is your research question, in one or two sentences, if you can.  Then paste in your two lists of key terms–subject terms & concept terms.

2. Read all the comments.

3. Start a new comment where you type in more CONCEPT keywords and explain why they are CONCEPT keywords and not subject keywords.  We’re working towards a definition here.

4. Check back for further instructions from me.

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34 thoughts on “10:00 Class!”

  1. How did different photographers approach photographing social reform due to their end game, personal biases, and who the photographs were being created for?

    Subject Matter:
    -Lewis Hine
    -Richard Hoe Lawrence
    -C. A. Keetels
    -F. Beard
    -Unknown Photographers
    -Jacob A. Riis
    -Ben Shahn
    -Author Rothstein
    -Dorothea Lange
    -Russell Lee
    -Ezra Stoller
    -Harold Corsini
    -Edwin Rosskam
    -Walker Evans
    -social photography
    -documentary photography
    -the social life and customs in the United States
    -social reform campaigns
    -police & their use of photography
    -realism
    -historical context of the illustrations and photographs
    -urban visual culture
    -progressive reform
    -social injustice & human suffering
    -photojournalism
    -social engineering
    -class exploitation
    -Great Depression
    -Progressive Era
    -Immigration

    Concept/Analytical Terms:
    -“symbols of ideal life”
    -public statement of class sensibility (Riis)
    – ethnic dimension to photography Riis
    -experimenting with the urban subject (Lawrence)
    -cropping techniques
    -iconography
    -posed vs. natural
    -rehearsed imagery
    -composition
    -lectures that went along with Riis’ photographs
    -dramatic devices
    -assigning specific meaning
    -narrative & rhetorical strategies
    -humanitarian ideology
    -Riis’s actual photographic process & his reliability
    -two types of photographic process: photograph confirming facts or photograph with a relationship to the text
    -documentary photography as art
    -presentation of photographs & how they were distributed
    -mass audience & control of information
    -social propaganda
    -changes to reform ambition
    -photography as a “human document”
    -use of camera for social uplift
    -relationship between photograph and caption
    -documentary art
    -Hine’s desire to “educate” vs. Tugwell’s desire to “conciliate” public opinion

  2. Research Question: How did the portraits of immigrants of Ellis Island represent them each specifically, and as immigrants as a whole?

    Subject Terms
    • Ellis Island
    • 20th century
    • European Immigrants
    • Viewed, inspected, photographed
    • Immigrant “types”
    • Immigration scenes
    • Limited control
    • Documentary styles
    • “honorific ethnographic”
    • Individual and group portraits
    Concept Terms
    • Photographers were not official
    • Took advantage of those that did not know English
    • Reflect the way the photographers views immigrants
    • Strongly positive
    • Contrasted with illustrations and cartoons
    • Racial typing- physical features
    • Contrast
    • Focused difference
    • Recognized and differences immigrants

  3. What images were used by proponents and opponents of second-wave feminists and how did they respond to those used by the other side? In turn, how did the public perceive these images?

  4. How does landscape photography, particularly national parks, reflect the national identity and culture of the United States? How does the artist’s identity influence the piece itself?

    Subject Terms
    • Space
    • Place
    • land
    • environment
    • landscapes
    • pop culture
    • North America
    • Frontier
    • National parks
    • Yosemite
    • Ansel Adams
    • Early 1900s

    Concept Terms
    • Question
    • Speculate hegemonic notions
    • Historical context
    • Cultural characteristics
    • As relating to notions of class, nationhood, heritage, and identity
    • Symbolism
    • Artist life reflected in photograph – means of expression?
    • Objectivity?
    • Color? Black and white?
    • Organization of vision

  5. Figure 3.9
    Subject keywords:
    -Culture and the Ad
    -William M. O’Barr
    -Its a west outing of the Indian-detour, Grand Canyon, Colorado Rockies, and California
    -The American people are going to see live indians in their natural habitat as if they were animals at a zoo.
    -Illustration depicting white children looking out for the sighting of Indians.
    -It’s like a vacation package in which the Americans who want to see these real indians have to pay for.
    -Package offered by Santa Fe daily.
    -1929
    -Advertisement/ Coupon
    -train
    -amusement
    Concept keywords:
    -“Gee! we are going to see real, life Indians.”
    -Shows the relationship between the 2 cultures in 1929
    -Indians are viewed as very odd-like and don’t fit the norm as Americans or immigrants.
    -Use of camera/angle/people

  6. Research Question: How did political cartoons impact the women’s suffrage movement in the late 19th and early 20th century?

    Subject Terms: Allusion, Symbolism, Attitudes and Emotions, Perception, Exaggerations, Emphasis, Boss Tweed, Tammany, Harper’s Weekly,

    Concept Terms: Audience, Opinion, Methods, Reaction, Analogies, Irony, Persuasive, Iconic

  7. 1. My research question will have to deal how the images during the cold war (1950s-80s) portrayed the Soviet Union’s propaganda and “race” to the top against the United States. More specifically, this would encounter image analysis that both made the Soviet Union seem like a real threat while the other side counters that.
    Key terms-Subject terms: Stalin-Lenin, Russia/Soviet Union Cold war, communism, soviet union, propaganda.
    Concept: Story-telling, comparison.

  8. How was the cultural identity of the United States shaped by wartime media?
    Subject List
    World War II
    post-war immigration
    Vietnam War
    psychology
    political expression
    Saigon Execution
    fantastic historicism
    visual icons
    hunting philosophy
    masculinity
    My Lai Massacre

    Concept list
    American Identity
    xenophobia
    narcissism
    fantasy
    trauma
    violence
    innocence
    Americans as Victims
    ethics of warfare
    American Imagination
    hunt metaphor

  9. How did visual representations of Native American’s over time develop and encourage bias? (book’s research question)

    subject matter:
    Native American
    nineteenth century
    twentieth century
    temperaments
    places
    static scenes
    white protagonists
    features
    tourism
    industry
    upright
    casual
    violence

    concept terms:
    stylization
    myths
    abstraction
    modernist
    antiherioic
    civilian
    collective figuration
    avant-garde
    concepts in human form

  10. Question – An overall way to being analyzing a piece. The more you question, the more you can learn about a piece and in turn create you own ideas about it.

    Historical Context – Why does the time influence how the image is viewed? Are photographs from when photography was invented more or less accurate than they are now? How has the subject matter changed?

    Cultural Characteristic – Is American culture reflected in landscape? What are the characteristics of American culture v. landscape photography?

    Artists Life reflected in the Photograph – Does an artists experience when taking the photograph change what it means? Ex) Taking photographs of a place you’ve lived your whole life v. of places you’ve just visited.

  11. Concept key words are used to explain the message, or the main idea of an image. They help the reader to understand the purpose of the image, while subject key words are solely used to physically describe the image itself.

    Concept Key Words: Analysis, Impact, Purpose, Point of View, Interpretation

  12. My research proposal will most likely involve me looking into propaganda, specifically Iranian propaganda most likely.
    Subject matter terms:
    1. What is the ideology and the purpose of the Propaganda campaign
    2. What is the context in which it occurred
    3. Who is the propagandists
    4. What is the structure of the propaganda organization
    5. Who is the target audience
    6. What are the media utilization techniques
    7. What special techniques were used
    8. What was the audience reaction to various techniques
    9. Is there any counterpropaganda
    10. What are the effects and evaluation

    Conceptual Terms:
    1. Are any of these goals explicitly stated?
    2. What does certain images invoke within this culture?
    3. Do ay pictures seem misleading to us/ do they have a different meaning in our culture that might lead us to misinterpret it?
    4. Do they mix subtle and blatant propaganda, or does it sway one way or another?
    5. Does the propaganda invoke any historical context?

    This difference between the subject matter terms and the conceptual terms is that the subject matter terms are typically in the second level of analysis, meaning that is there obvious meaning, and the conceptual terms mostly occupy the third level of analysis, meaning what feelings and ideas they invoke.

  13. Subject terms: Impressionists
    American
    19th century
    Thomas Cole
    Hudson River School
    Luminists
    Stafford
    Twatchman
    Colin Campbell Cooper

    concept terms:
    Cultural Background
    Artistic purpose
    Painting motifs
    Influences
    atmosphere

  14. Subject matter terms
    Migrations
    nomadic
    1880s
    America
    Globalization
    War
    Immigrants
    Social photography
    sketches
    Drawings
    Ethnic Groups

    Concept/analytical terms
    Historical Content
    analyzing migrations
    reception of Immigration
    Immigrants not always well received in America
    struggles of migration ex. Slave migration
    Compare/contrast different migrations

  15. Concept key words are different than subject key words because conceptual words help us to understand the message the image is trying to send off. Where as subject key words describes the picture itself.

  16. Concept:
    – Historical Context
    This is more of a conceptual term because eh author is defining the meaning of the image by background use rather than describes the meaning itself.
    – Relation to a “domestic” identity
    This form of comparison to something that the author is related to is more conceptual because he is using bias in defining the images.
    – Results of Warfare
    This is term is more conceptual because it is showing how the results of an actions will be interpreted in images differently.

  17. The concept words were:
    stylization
    myths
    abstraction
    modernist
    antiherioic
    civilian
    collective figuration
    avant-garde
    because they help to analyze the image and the artist’s/photographer’s methods and message that they are trying to convey instead of just describing what it looks like.

  18. Did the photographs of the mid 20th century accurately depict the history of the Mexican migrant workers and how did these images help shape the civil rights social movement regarding migrant labor?

    Subject terms:
    Cesar Chavez
    Mexican workers
    California Farmers
    Labor rights
    Migrant Farmers
    Twentieth Century

    Concept Terms:
    Documentary photography
    Pictorial work
    Documentary
    Photograph History
    Dorothea Lange

  19. Subject key words are helpful descriptive devices we can use to describe images objectively.
    Concept keywords are the methods we use to analyze the meaning and implications of the image beyond what’s there.

  20. Social Propaganda: using images and text to convey a specific message. Documentary photography was used to convey “facts” to a mass audiences. These facts were used to move viewers in a certain direction. The creators of propaganda ranged from reform organizations to the government.

    Aesthetic Significance of Photographs: documentary photographs were used to convey social messages. For example, Jacob Riis photographed slums, tenements, and immigrants to call attention to their way of life and how they needed to escape poverty. However, he couldn’t just photograph the slums; he had to create his photographs so they were visually appealing and would invite people to look at them.

  21. More concept terms: offer different messages, degree to which photo is staged, “denied America, but represented as American”, demonstrate anxiety, valorize immigrants, constructs

    All of these terms are describing how and why the photographer took the photograph, and what it says about attitudes, the subject and time period. It is not just description telling us about subject, but how and why and what the subject means- the message from the photograph.

  22. Concept key words involve the analysis of the image versus the actual topic of the research project. They help describe the importance of the image in terms of the topic as well.

    Murals
    Social Photography
    Black and White Photography
    Photograph Subject

  23. pre-WWII would be a subject term because it objectively describes the picture and when it takes place.
    Antisemitism is a concept key word because it describes something not objectively present but implied from a photo.

  24. *update to previous post. The subject terms were strictly objective details, such as the “who, what, when, where” questions. Concept terms go deeper, they deal with the intended reaction the author and artist wanted from the viewer and how the secondary-source author viewed the image him/herself

  25. Concept key words are different from subject keywords because they are a way to analyze the subject key words. The subject key words are the who and what. The concept key words are used to define how who did what. For example, Jacob Riis created photographs of slums, which are subject key words, and the aesthetic significance of those photographs would be concept key words. The concept key words help the message come across.

  26. Question: How are comic books a product of an era? Are comics proactive or reactive to events taking place during their creation?

    Subject Terms:
    Comic books, strips, etc. — United States — History and criticism.

    Concept Terms:
    From comics to comic books (1842 1936) — The beginnings of an industry: comics magazines — (1936 1940) — Comic books at war (1940 1945) — Ever more the apogee and the fall (1945 1954) — Decline and rebirth (1955 1962) — The age of innovation (1963 1969) — Research and development by trial and error — (1969 1979) — The recovery of the 1980s (1980 1993) — The end of a century and the beginning of a new century (1993- ) production — The business of comic books — The creators — The readers — Calls for censorship — Internal consecration — External consecration — Conclusion — Self-regulating codes of the comic book industry.

  27. I have been thinking about changing my research topic, but I was thinking of doing two specific groups in DC during the late 19th century to see how they might have led to a social rift between the African American and white communities.

    Subject key words are useful tools for to describe images and to further elaborate on (when, where, how)

    Concept key words are the techniques that can be used to understand the implication of the image and if intended to convey a message, (why) that message is being implied.

    I think leahjrich does a good job with concept key words. I think her words would help in identifying the overall message of the particular images she found.

  28. How does the art of a certain time period express the politics that were popular/in place during that time? Were the pieces of art in favor or against the government/ their practices?

    Subject terms:
    -civil rights era
    -immigration
    -women’s rights
    -slavery
    -Native Americans
    -war
    -the great depression
    -prohibition era
    -voting rights

    Concept terms:
    -historical analysis
    -point of view
    -authors point/purpose
    -interpretation
    -bias
    -who is the audience?
    -America’s social identity at the time
    -social propoganda

  29. *Correction to posted concept terms
    -Historical context
    -Analyze
    -Critical
    -Artistic outlook/purpose
    -symbolism
    -creation, production, reception of comics
    -deeper theme
    -civic artwork

  30. More concept terms:
    -influence
    -comic art
    -cultural context
    -fantasy
    -social propoganda

    These and the other concept terms are concept terms because they don’t specifically state a topic that you can find in a book or search engine, they are words used to analyze and formulate the meaning to images.

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