In the paper The role of the West in the West: Artistic Depictions of the West in Manifest Destiny, the artist focuses on art dealing with Manifest destiny and its ideals and representations. The author begins by establishing the current trend in analysis of these pictures, for their racial views of Native Americans. The author however, claims that there are other aspects of this art to analyze, especially the way artists chose to depict the West in their images. The author states that a common thought about the West was not as a land of opportunity, but as a place of fear and death that they had been tasked to rescue by God himself. To back up this claim, the author analyses several portraits from the late 1800s for their depictions of the West. The author focuses on several common themes running through either all or several of the pieces. These include the representation of the West with harsh light, shadows and strange lighting for the painting. In addition he claims that several paintings have a clear “East and West” that are juxtaposed to show the dark and evil aspects of the West. The author uses these things to show that for the contemporary viewers, the West was a place of terror and evil, but their God-given duty to enlighten.