This essay deals with Soviet propaganda against America, representing all capitalist nations as a whole, during the Cold War. It examines the tactics used by the USSR, primarily Andrei Zhandov’s ‘Two-Camp-Theory,’ in attempting to convince the Soviet public of the righteousness of socialism. To do so, a thorough analysis of a few propaganda posters from the time are studied and compared to Isabelle de Keghel’s analysis of a Soviet produced movie, Meeting on the Elbe. Some differences of persuasive devices between the posters and the movie are identified and examined, such as the complexity given to the American character in the movie – an ability to change ideals – that is missing from the posters. The essay concludes by questioning the effectiveness of propaganda on the Soviet viewer by studying experiments done to test the likelihood of successful persuasion done by propaganda.